Farm Irrigation

What’s irrigation?

Irrigation is the practise of moving water from one area to another to compensate for lack of adequate rainfall. It is used on farms to water crops and maintain pastures for grazing animals, as well as in homes to water gardens and lawns. Farm Irrigation Systems

However, […]

What's irrigation?

Irrigation is the practise of moving water from one area to another to compensate for lack of adequate rainfall. It is used on farms to water crops and maintain pastures for grazing animals, as well as in homes to water gardens and lawns. Farm Irrigation Systems

However, the irrigation you use to water your home's front lawn is very different to the irrigation a farmer uses to take care of his or her crops. Learn more about what goes into farm irrigation. 

When was farm irrigation invented?

There is evidence of farm irrigation practised as far back as the 6th Century BC in the Middle East. These areas would have not had enough rainfall to support the crops they were able to produce without the help of irrigation.

Thousands of years ago, irrigation was engineered with carefully placed canals and relied on gravity to move the water. Many of today's irrigation systems still work off this basic plan and feature canals that rely on gravity for power. Farm Irrigation System Design

What types of irrigation do modern farms use?

Something farmers need to consider when planning their irrigation is how to use their water as efficiently as possible. 

Farms use all sorts of methods to irrigate their fields. Depending on the size of the field, the climate and the terrain, different methods may be more appropriate than others. Here are a few common ways farms irrigate their land.

Surface Irrigation

Surface irrigation systems rely on gravity to move the water from one place to another. By using furrows and dykes to steer the water, controlled floods are unleashed on the land to water them. In cases in which gravity cannot bring water to every part of the land, pumps may be used or water can be carried by hand.

Seepage Irrigation 

This form of irrigation gives water to plants from below. In areas where there is a high water table. Typically, these areas are in lowlands and marshy areas. This method requires raising the water table through a system of pumps and canals.

Sprinkler irrigation

Sprinkler irrigation describes irrigation in which the water is pumped through a series of pipes or hoses, and then sprayed over the land. Sprinklers can be mounted on moving devices or pivots to distribute the water evenly and avoid pooling. Sprinkler Irrigation System

Where does the wastewater come from?

Farm wastewater comes from all sorts of sources. These include natural lakes and rivers as well as man-made reservoirs and pond. Collected floodwater and treated wastewater can also be used to irrigate fields. Farm Irrigation System Services

 

Agriculture Irrigation

There are different types of agriculture irrigation depending on the application, whether for crops or residential irrigation. Drip irrigation is an example of irrigated agriculture. Agricultural irrigation Systems

 

Some of the benefits you can get from drip irrigation agriculture are the following.

 

· There is an increase […]

There are different types of agriculture irrigation depending on the application, whether for crops or residential irrigation. Drip irrigation is an example of irrigated agriculture. Agricultural irrigation Systems

 

Some of the benefits you can get from drip irrigation agriculture are the following.

 

· There is an increase in revenue due to increased drop yields.

· The quality of crops yielded also delivers higher revenue to the farmer.

· There is only sufficient water used in watering the crops and plants. Therefore, the cost of water usage is decreased.

· The cost of labor is decreased

· Because there is no need for the constant running of the drip irrigation system, the cost of energy is deceased.

· The cost of pesticide and fertilizer is also decreased as there is almost no water runoff in this type of system

· Improved environmental quality

· Plants endure lesser stress that can result from varied soil moisture.

· Because areas between plants are not supplied with water, the growth of weeds is controlled

· The slow application of water prevents building up of water thus, reducing evaporation

 

Setting up your Drip Irrigation System

 

Drip irrigation systems require the installation of fixed watering system for plants that allows the farmer or the home owner to supply the water where it is needed. The installation of the system depends on upon the size of the farm or the garden. Drip irrigation Systems

 

In the installation of drip irrigations, make sure that nozzles are properly placed near the roots of the plants.

 

You may also consider using the punctured hose for drip irrigation; however, make sure that the hose follows the right course since its major goal is to water the garden beds. When using the punctured hole, check for any leaks that might result to water wastage.

 

Similar types of plants should be placed in the same beds. This is because plants have various watering needs. There are plants that require more water than the other. Placing them in the same plant beds will ensure that the appropriate amount of water is delivered to the plants. Group the flowering plants, shrubs, and vegetable plants according to their kind and watering needs. Drip Irrigation System Installation

 

In drip irrigation system, water is delivered to the root zone drip by drip, hence the name drip irrigation. If the drip watering is managed well, it can be considered as the best and perhaps the most efficient way of irrigation aside from its being cost effective. In other places, drip irrigation is combined with another method such as using plastic sheets that will help in reducing evaporation of water which can significantly waste water. Drip Irrigation Systems Water Pumps